We do not know all that Jonah suffered while there, but the passage is clear that he did. From the depths of the grave I called for help, and you listened to my cry. You hurled me into the deep, into the very heart of the seas, and the currents swirled about me; all your waves and breakers swept over me. To the roots of the mountains I sank down; the earth beneath barred me in for ever. When my life was ebbing away, I remembered you, LORD, and my prayer rose to you, to your holy temple.
Those who cling to worthless idols forfeit the grace that could be theirs. But I, with a song of thanksgiving, will sacrifice to you. What I have vowed I will make good.
Salvation comes from the LORD. But you brought up from the pit my life. What we have here. The miracle here is resurrection. Was he there three days and three nights? We cannot assume he was there for a literal three days and three nights because the passage does not say that he was there for seventy-two hours.
The phrase must be understood as referring to parts of the first and third days since the Jews counted parts of a day as a full day. That is the custom and habit of people even today. But how much is the space of an Onah? The point is clear that the ancient Jewish custom counted any part of a day as the whole day. So Jonah could have been tossed overboard in the late afternoon first Onah or first day and been spit out not the next morning second Onah or second day , but the following morning third Onah or third day.
That adds up to three days according to ancient Jewish culture.
Jesus was in the grave late in the first day and returned to life the second morning. That adds up to three days according to Jewish custom.
Jesus is revealed in Jonah as obedience brings transformation to humanity. What we can know for sure is that Jesus was not giving anyone a. Over a thousand million Christians today blindly accept that Jesus of Nazareth is the. Christ. They produce "a thousand and one" prophecies from the Jewish.
Both Jonah and Jesus died, were buried Jesus in a tomb, Jonah in a fish , and came back to life after three days and three nights. Jesus fulfilled the sign of Jonah. The first example is found in Esther Esther commands that the Jews fast for three days and three nights.
Esther NASB. Sometime during the first day she gave this command. Then in Esther we discover that on the third day she visits the king. In this verse we discover that Esther visited the king on the third day, but she did not wait until the end of the night. That is, she gave the command sometime during the first day and visited the king sometime during the third day. For he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights. Here we are told that an Egyptian slave had not eaten or drank water for three days and three nights.
Then we are told in the next verse that the slave had left three days ago. That is, the slave had left the day before yesterday. Some modern scholars of folklore have noted similarities between Jonah and other legendary figures, such as Gilgamesh and the Greek hero Jason. Jonah is the central character in the Book of Jonah, in which God commands him to go to the city of Nineveh to prophesy against it "for their great wickedness is come up before me,"  but Jonah instead attempts to flee from "the presence of the Lord" by going to Jaffa sometimes transliterated as Joppa or Joppe , and sailing to Tarshish.
God again commands Jonah to travel to Nineveh and prophesy to its inhabitants. Displeased by this, Jonah refers to his earlier flight to Tarshish while asserting that, since God is merciful, it was inevitable that God would turn from the threatened calamities. But God said to Jonah: "Do you have a right to be angry about the vine? I am angry enough to die.
It sprang up overnight, and died overnight. But Nineveh has more than a hundred and twenty thousand people who cannot tell their right hand from their left, and many cattle as well. Should I not be concerned about that great city? According to one tradition, Jonah was the boy brought back to life by Elijah the prophet in 1 Kings According to the Midrash , while Jonah was inside the fish, it told him that its life was nearly over because soon the Leviathan would eat them both.
Teshuva — the ability to repent and be forgiven by God — is a prominent idea in Jewish thought. This concept is developed in the Book of Jonah: Jonah, the son of truth the name of his father "Amitai" in Hebrew means truth , refuses to ask the people of Nineveh to repent. He seeks the truth only, and not forgiveness. When forced to go, his call is heard loud and clear. The people of Nineveh repent ecstatically, "fasting, including the sheep," and the Jewish scripts are critical of this. Jonah is mentioned twice in the fourteenth chapter of the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit ,  the conclusion of which finds Tobit's son, Tobias, at the extreme age of years, rejoicing at the news of Nineveh's destruction by Nebuchadnezzar and Ahasuerus in apparent fulfillment of Jonah's prophecy against the Assyrian capital.
But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. Jonah is regarded as a saint by a number of Christian denominations.
Christian theologians have traditionally interpreted Jonah as a type for Jesus Christ. Other Christian interpreters, including Saint Augustine and Martin Luther , have taken a directly opposite approach,  regarding Jonah as the epitome of envy and jealousness, which they regarded as inherent characteristics of the Jewish people. Michaelis comments that "the meaning of the fable hits you right between the eyes",  and concludes that the Book of Jonah is a polemic against "the Israelite people's hate and envy towards all the other nations of the earth.
John Calvin and John Hooper regarded the Book of Jonah as a warning to all those who might attempt to flee from the wrath of God. Nay then, throw them into the sea! He is traditionally viewed as highly important in Islam as a prophet who was faithful to Allah and delivered His messages. Jonah is the only one of the Twelve Minor Prophets to be mentioned by name in the Quran.
Sackcloth Does Satan want us to think we are too bad to be forgiven of our sins? In the New Testament , Jesus calls himself "greater than Jonah" and promises the Pharisees "the sign of Jonah", which is his resurrection. Joseph Campbell suggests that the story of Jonah parallels a scene from the Epic of Gilgamesh , in which Gilgamesh obtains a plant from the bottom of the sea. You may need to help the children with examples such as the following:. Archived from the original on June 27, Study the following questions and the scripture references as you prepare your lesson. He was dragged from one trial to another—from the high priest to Pilate, from Herod back to Pilate, and then finally to Golgotha.
So also was Jonah among those sent by Us. When he ran away like a slave from captivity to the ship fully laden, He agreed to cast lots, and he was condemned: Then the big Fish did swallow him, and he had done acts worthy of blame.
Had it not been that he repented and glorified Allah, He would certainly have remained inside the Fish till the Day of Resurrection. But We cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness, And We caused to grow, over him, a spreading plant of the gourd kind. And We sent him on a mission to a hundred thousand men or more. And they believed; so We permitted them to enjoy their life for a while. The Quran never mentions Jonah's father,  but Muslim tradition teaches that Jonah was from the tribe of Benjamin and that his father was Amittai.
Jonah is also mentioned in a few incidents during the lifetime of Muhammad.
In some instances, Jonah's name is spoken of with praise and reverence by Muhammad. He took shelter in the garden of Utbah and Shaybah, two members of the Quraysh tribe. They sent their servant, Addas , to serve him grapes for sustenance. Muhammad asked Addas where he was from and the servant replied Nineveh. Addas was shocked because he knew that the pagan Arabs had no knowledge of the prophet Jonah.
He then asked how Muhammad knew of this man. One of the sayings of Muhammad, in the collection of Imam Bukhari , says that Muhammad said "One should not say that I am better than Jonah". The ninth-century Persian historian Al-Tabari records that, while Jonah was inside the fish, "none of his bones or members were injured". Nineveh 's current location is marked by excavations of five gates, parts of walls on four sides, and two large mounds: the hill of Kuyunjik and hill of Nabi Yunus see map link in footnote.